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Version: 3x

Guide: Async chunks

Let's assume, we are building an E-Learning application with specific functionalities for a student and for a teacher. Both student and a teacher will get different UIs and different features, so it would make sense to isolate the student's specific code from the teacher's. That's were Code Splitting comes into play - we can use dynamic import(...) function together with React.lazy and React.Suspense to conditionally render the student and the teacher sides based on the user's role. The code for the student and the teacher will be put into a remote async chunk, so that the initial download size will be smaller.

tip

It's recommended to read:

first, to understand Code Splitting, usage on a high-level and get the necessary context.

tip

Before you begin, make sure the Re.Pack's native module is linked into your application:

Source code‚Äč

Let's use the following code for the student's side:

// StudentSide.js
import * as React from 'react';
import { View, Text } from 'react-native';

export default function StudentSide({ user }) {
return (
<View style={{ flex: 1 }}>
<Text>Hello {user.name}!</Text>
<Text>You are a student.</Text>
{/* ...more student related code */}
</View>
)
}

And a code for the teacher's side:

// TeacherSide.js
import * as React from 'react';
import { View, Text } from 'react-native';

export default function TeacherSide({ user }) {
return (
<View style={{ flex: 1 }}>
<Text>Hello {user.name}!</Text>
<Text>You are a teacher.</Text>
{/* ...more teacher related code */}
</View>
)
}

Now in our parent component, which will be common for both the student and the teacher:

// Home.js
import * as React from 'react';
import { Text } from 'react-native';

const StudentSide = React.lazy(
() => import(/* webpackChunkName: "student" */ './StudentSide.js')
);

const TeacherSide = React.lazy(
() => import(/* webpackChunkName: "teacher" */ './TeacherSide.js')
);

export function Home({ user }) {
const Side = React.useMemo(
() => user.role === 'student'
? <StudentSide user={user} />
: <TeacherSize user={user} />,
[user]
);

return (
<React.Suspense fallback={<Text>Loading...</Text>}>
<Side />
</React.Suspense>
)
}

Since we are using Webpack's magic comments, we need to make sure Babel is not removing those. Add comments: true to your Babel config, for example:

module.exports = {
presets: ['module:metro-react-native-babel-preset'],
comments: true,
};

At this point all the code used by StudentSide.js will be put into student.chunk.bundle and TeacherSide.js into teacher.chunk.bundle.

Before we can actually render out application, we need to add resolver using ScriptManager.shared.addResolver(...), so it can resolve the chunks:

// index.js
import { AppRegistry } from 'react-native';
import { ScriptManager, Script } from '@callstack/repack/client';
import AsyncStorage from '@react-native-async-storage/async-storage';
import App from './src/App'; // Your application's root component
import { name as appName } from './app.json';

ScriptManager.shared.setStorage(AsyncStorage);
ScriptManager.shared.addResolver(async (scriptId) => {
// `scriptId` will be either 'student' or 'teacher'

// In dev mode, resolve script location to dev server.
if (__DEV__) {
return {
url: Script.getDevServerURL(scriptId),
cache: false,
};
}

return {
url: Script.getRemoteURL(`http://somewhere-on-the-internet.com/${scriptId}`)
};
});

AppRegistry.registerComponent(appName, () => App);

This code will allow Re.Pack's ScriptManager to actually locate your chunks for the student and the teacher, and download them.

When bundling for production/release, all remote chunks, including student.chunk.bundle and teacher.chunk.bundle will be copied to <projectRoot>/build/output/<platform>/remote by default, for example: <projectRoot>/build/output/ios/student.chunk.bundle.

You should upload files from this directory to a remote server or a CDN from where ScriptManager will download them.

tip

You can change this directory and/or mark chunks as local. Refer to dedicated Local vs Remote chunks guide for more information.